Free Essay: Status of Women in Indian Society The worth of a civilization can be judged by the place given to women in the society. One of several factors.
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- Women in India - Wikipedia
- Essay on The Inferior Status of Women In India's Society
- Status And Social Position Of Women Sociology Essay
Among the Rajputs of Rajasthan, the Jauhar was practiced. In some parts of India, the Devadasis or the temple women were sexually exploited. Polygamy was widely practised especially among Hindu Kshatriya rulers. In spite of these conditions, some women excelled in the fields of politics, literature, education and religion. In South India, many women administered villages, towns, divisions and heralded social and religious institutions.
Shortly after the Bhakti movement, Guru Nanak, the first Guru of Sikhs also preached the message of equality between men and women. Historical practices that hindered women empowerment such as sati, jauhar, and devadasi have been banned and are largely defunct in modern India.
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However, some cases of these practices are still found in remote parts of India. The purdah is still practised by Indian women among some communities, and child marriage remains prevalent despite it being an illegal practice. Ishwar Chandra. In , the Child Marriage Restraint Act was passed, stipulating fourteen as the minimum age of marriage for a girl through the efforts of Mahomed Ali Jinnah. Though Mahatma Gandhi himself married at the age of thirteen, he later urged people to boycott child marriages and called upon the young men to marry the child widows.
Independent India. Women in India now participate in all activities such as education, sports, politics, media, art and culture, service sectors, science and technology, etc. In addition, it allows special provisions to be made by the State in favour of women and children Article 15 3 , renounces practices derogatory to the dignity of women Article 51 A e , and also allows for provisions to be made by the State for securing just and humane conditions of work and for maternity relief.
In specific, Aboriginal women have suffered through racism, sexism, domestic violence, and over-representation.
Through the implementation of the Indian Act, Aboriginal women have been forced to abandon their culture in order to assimilate into Canadian society. The effects of colonization has changed the way Aboriginal women are treated; emotionally and physically, and therefore are the source of oppression today.
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The Indian Act was created. Originally, women played a large role in the political zone, as well as essential roles in their societies.
Women in India - Wikipedia
Essentially, women in Aboriginal societies, were once considered to be integral parts to their society, and through the many attempts of assimilation from the Europeans, the women now have an insignificant role in their societies. Correspondingly, in the present year of , women in Aboriginal societies seem to have no political power.
However, in the interrelated world everyone is influenced either positively or negatively by the decisions of individuals or states UNIFEM Gender inequality in India is described as a preferential treatment arising out of prejudice based on the gender. The aim of this research is to discuss the status of women in India in the past, present and future and discuss any political movements which took place in the society in order for Women to be regarded as equal.
BODY India has always been. Works by ancient Indian grammarians such as Patanjali and Katyayana suggest that women were educated in the early Vedic period.
Rigvedic verses suggest that the women married at a mature age and were probably free to select their husband. Scriptures such as Rig Veda and Upanishads mention several women sages and seers, notably Gargi and Maitreyi. Status of Women in Indian Society The worth of a civilization can be judged by the place given to women in the society. One of several factors that justify the greatness of India's ancient culture is the honorable place granted to women.
The Muslim influence on India caused considerable deterioration in the status of women. In urban India Women have impressive number in the work force. They are at par with their male counter parts in terms of wages, position at the work place. In rural India, agriculture and allied industrial sectors employ as much as The Indian Government has so far failed in its endeavours to eradicate caste, and women in particular are regularly subject to gross human rights violations as a result. Dalit women are positioned at the bottom of the caste hierarchy, subject to multiple forms of discrimination on the basis of their caste, class and gender.
Dalit women are subject to a multitude of atrocities, including rape which is perpetrated with impunity with little or no redress in the courts — sexual abuse and humiliation. Strict prohibitions on marriage and other social interaction between Dalits and the upper caste routinely violate the rights of Dalits to marry and choose their spouse.
The chastity of women is strongly related to caste status. Generally, the higher ranking the caste, the more sexual control its women are expected to exhibit.
Essay on The Inferior Status of Women In India's Society
Brahman brides should be virginal, faithful to one husband and celibate in widowhood. By contrast, a Sweeper bride may or may not be a virgin, extramarital affair may be tolerated, and, if widowed or divorced, the woman is encouraged to remarry. For the higher castes, such control of female sexuality helps ensure purity of lineage—of crucial importance to maintenance of high status.
Among Muslims, too, high status is strongly correlated with female chastity. According to ancient Hindu scriptures no religious rite can be performed with perfection by a man without the participation of his wife. Married men along with their wives are allowed to perform sacred rites on the occasion of various important festivals. They are given not only important but equal position with men.
Status And Social Position Of Women Sociology Essay
But in the later period the position of women went on deteriorating due to Muslim influence. During the Muslim period of history they were deprived of their rights of equality with men. They were compelled to keep themselves within the four walls of their houses with a long veil on their faces. It was natural outcome of the Muslim subjugation of India that oman was relegated to a plaything of man, an ornament to decorate the drawing room. Serving, knitting, painting and music were her pastimes and cooking and cleaning her business. The result is that the Indian Constitution today has given to women the equal status with men.
There is no discrimination between men and women. All professions are open to both of them with merit as the only criterion of selection. As a result of their newly gained freedom Indian woman have distinguished themselves in various spheres of life. They have acquired more liberty to participate in the affairs of the country. They have been given equality with men in shaping their future and sharing responsibilities for themselves, their family and their country.
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They are competiting with men in all fields and the integrity of character is probably better. There is no denying the fact that women in India have made a considerable progress in the last fifty years but yet they have to struggle against many handicaps and social evils in the male dominated society. A number of arguments are used to justify this stand. We are told that India is the original home of the Mother Goddess. In our ancient history, we have many instances of women scholars and women rulers.
Stories from mythology and folklore are recounted to prove that women in India have always been honoured and respected. We are proud of the fact that India was one of the first countries in the world to give women the right to vote. The Indian Constitution is one of the most progressive in the world, and guarantees equal rights for men and women. All this is cited as evidence to support the contention that Indian women are free and equal members of society.
Alongside this, however, is another body of evidence. The official statistics that are presented in government reports, the findings of local surveys and, most significantly, the daily experiences of women and men as documented in the media. These paint a very different picture. The National Crime Records Bureau reported in that he growth rate of crimes against women would be higher than the population growth rate by In , there were only women for every men. The reason for this imbalance is that many women die before reaching adulthood.